DDA Land Pooling Policy
The land pooling policy was approved by the UD ministry on September 5, 2013. The main objective is to prohibit sale of land without the owner's consent at the same time enabling private players to create housing pockets in the city.
According to the policy, a number of small holdings will be pooled and a part of land taken from the pool for the provision of infrastructure and public facilities. The DDA will provide basic facilities like education, health, water, sewerage and others amenities, while the rest of the land will be returned to the original owners for development. The large scale Land Acquisition, Development and Disposal Policy of Delhi approved in 1961 is still in operation. However, land acquisition and planned development has not kept pace with the increasing demands of urbanization during the last five decades. Moreover, the process of acquisition is increasingly challenged by land owners due to low compensation as compared to the market value. Therefore, the new land policy is based on the concept of Land Pooling where in the land parcels owned by individuals or group of owners are legally consolidated by transfer of ownership rights to the designated Land Pooling Agency, which later transfers the ownership of the part of land back to the land owners for undertaking of development for such areas. The policy is applicable in the proposed urban sable areas of the Urban Extensions for which Zonal Plans have been approved.
- Govt./DDA to act as a facilitator with minimum intervention to facilitate and speed up integrated planned development.
- A land owner, or a group of land owners(who have grouped together of their own volition/will for this purpose) or a developer, here in after referred to as the “Developer Entity”(DE), shall be permitted to pool land for unified planning, servicing and subdivision/share of the land for development as per prescribed norms and guidelines.
- Each landowner to get an equitable return irrespective of Land uses assigned to their land in the Zonal Development Plan (ZDP) with minimum displacement.
- To ensure speedy development of Master Plan Road and other essential physical & social infrastructure and recreational areas.
- To ensure inclusive development by adequate provision of EWS and other housing as per shelter policy of the Master Plan.
Role of DDA/Government
- Declaration of areas under land pooling and preparation of Layout Plans and Sector Plans based on the availability of physical infrastructure.
- Superimposition of revenue maps on the approved zonal plans.
- Time bound development of identified land with master plan roads, provision of physical infrastructure such as Water Supply, Sewerage and Drainage, Provision of Social Infrastructure and Traffic and Transportation Infrastructure including Metro Corridors.
- DDA shall be responsible for external development in a time bound manner.
- Acquisition of left out land pockets in a time bound manner shall only be taken up whenever the person are not coming forward to participate in development through land pooling.
Role of the Development Entity (DE)
- Assembly and surrender of land as per policy in the prescribed time frame to be specified in the Regulations.
- Preparation of the layout plans/detailed plans as per the provisions of Master Plan and the Policy.
- Demarcate all the roads as per layout plan and sector plan and get the same verified from the concerned Authority within the assembled area and seek approval of layout plans/detailed plans from the DDA.
- a)Develop sector roads/ Internal Roads/Infrastructure/Services (including water supply lines, power supply, rain water bar vesting, STP, WTP etc.) falling in its share of the land.
b)DE shall be allowed creation of infrastructure facilities roads, parks etc at city level subject to approval of Competent Authority.
- Return of the prescribed built up space/dwelling units for EWS/LIG housing component to the DDA as per the policy.
- Timely completion of development and its maintenance with all the neighborhood level facilities i.e., open spaces, roads and services till the area is handed over to the municipal corporation concerned for maintenance. The deficiency charges if any, shall be borne by the DE at the time of handing over of the service to the corporation.
Land Use Distribution
The Land use distribution at the city level for the unbranisable areas in the urban extension adopted for this policy is as under:
- Gross Residentail – 53% (for every 1000 ha of land pooled, the gross residential distribution provides approximately 50,000 DU’s for EWS housing.)
- Commercial – 5%
- Industrial – 4%
- Recreational – 16%
- Public & Semi Public Facilities - 10%
- Roads & Circulation - 12%
The recreational land use does not include green areas within the various green land use categories.
The share of city level remunerative land to be retained by DDA shall depend on the catergories/size of land pooled under this policy . DDA’s share in residential land shall very between 0-10% commercial land shall very between 0-2% and entire industrial land of 4% shall be retained by DDA.
Norms for Land Assembly/Land Pooling
The land pooling model proposed for land assembly & development with developer entities are as follows :
- The two categories of land pooling are category 1 for 20HA and above and category H for 2Ha to less than 20 Ha.
- The land returned to developer entity(DE) in category I(20 Ha and above) will be 60% and land retained by DDA 40%.
- The land returned to developer entity(DE) in category H(2Ha to less than 20HA) will be 48% and land retained by DDA 52%.
- The distribution of land returned to DE(60%) in terms of land use in category I will be 53%Gross residential, 2% city level public/semi public and 5% city level commercial. The distribution of land returned to DE(48%) in terms of land use in category II will be 43% as gross residential, 2% city level public/semi public and 3% city level commercial.
DE shall be returned land within 5km radius of pooled land subject to other planning requirements.